Carbohydrates sit under macronutrients and provide the body with energy; the amount of energy released in the body depends on the type of carbohydrates that are consumed.

There are two types of carbohydrates: starch and sugar.  Starch carbohydrates release energy slowly throughout the day and are the better type of carbohydrates for the body.  Sugar carbohydrates release energy quickly so you will become tired or lethargic soon after consuming these.

Starch carbohydrates can be found in the following food sources:

  • Pasta
  • Potatoes
  • Rice
  • Flour

Sugar carbohydrates can be found in the following food sources:

Lack of carbohydrates in the body can be quite detrimental to your health and can result in hyperglycemia, which occurs when blood glucose levels drop below normal.  Additionally, not eating enough carbohydrates each day could lead to ketosis which can cause a buildup of ketones, which are partially broken-down fats in the blood.  When your body doesn’t have enough glucose for energy, it breaks down stored fat, producing ketones. Mild ketosis can cause mental fatigue, bad breath, nausea and a headache.


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