Vitamin D

Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin is a fat-soluble vitamin.  Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the body for months and even years.  They are stored in the liver and do not need to be eaten in large amounts.

 

Function:

  • Helping the body to absorb calcium.
  • Developing and maintaining bones and teeth.
  • Healing broken bones.

 

Sources:  There are two types.

  • Main source is sunlight.
  • Dietary sources: milk, butter, liver, oily fish, eggs, fortified breakfast cereals with vitamin D, fortified spreads.

 

Deficiency:  Not enough vitamin D can result in rickets in babies and toddlers.  Growing bones require vitamin D to harden.  Without it, they will soften, bend and bow.

 

Excess: Too much vitamin D is stored in the body and is unlikely to cause problems.

 

Group at risk of deficiency:

  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  • Babies and young children under the age of five.
  • People not exposed to much sun.
  • People who have darker skin.

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