Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin is a fat-soluble vitamin. Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the body for months and even years. They are stored in the liver and do not need to be eaten in large amounts.
- Helping the body to absorb calcium.
- Developing and maintaining bones and teeth.
- Healing broken bones.
Sources: There are two types.
- Main source is sunlight.
- Dietary sources: milk, butter, liver, oily fish, eggs, fortified breakfast cereals with vitamin D, fortified spreads.
Deficiency: Not enough vitamin D can result in rickets in babies and toddlers. Growing bones require vitamin D to harden. Without it, they will soften, bend and bow.
Excess: Too much vitamin D is stored in the body and is unlikely to cause problems.
Group at risk of deficiency:
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
- Babies and young children under the age of five.
- People not exposed to much sun.
- People who have darker skin.