Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. Function: Makes and maintains healthy connective tissue. Helps wounds heal and repairs body tissues. Helps the absorption of iron from the intestines. Protects the body; it is an antioxidant.   Sources: Oranges, blackcurrants, broccoli, potatoes, red and green peppers, strawberries, brussels sprouts, tomatoes.   Deficiency: A severe deficiency is … Continue reading Vitamin C

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B group. Function: Maintains nerve cells. Makes red blood cells. Releases energy from the food you eat. Processes folic acid.   Sources: Meat, eggs, milk, salmon, fortified breakfast cereals, cheese, beef, cod.   Deficiency: It is known as pernicious anaemia and is most … Continue reading Vitamin B12

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin.  Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the body for months and even years.  They are stored in the liver and do not need to be eaten in large amounts.   Function: Making blood clots. Maintaining bone health.   Sources: Cereals. Green leafy vegetables, e.g. green peas, beans, broccoli and … Continue reading Vitamin K

Nutrients

There are 5 main nutrients that are essential for our body and that must be consumed in our daily diet.  These nutrients can be split into two subcategories: macronutrients and micronutrients.  Macronutrients are built up of the energy-giving caloric components that we are most familiar with: carbohydrates, proteins and fats.  Micronutrients are only required in … Continue reading Nutrients